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تاریخ امروز
دوشنبه, ۲۵ تیر

پولیپ روده در یک پسر ۱۵ ساله: چاش ها و درس ها از منطقه ی فقیر روستایی

Colonic polyposis in a 15 year-old boy: Challenges and lessons from a rural resource-poor area

نویسندگان

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ورودعضویت
اطلاعات مجله Annals of Medicine and Surgery www.annalsjournal.com
سال انتشار 2016
فرمت فایل PDF
کد مقاله 12664

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چکیده (انگلیسی):

Introduction: Colorectal polyps usually present with rectal bleeding and are associated with increased
risk of colorectal carcinoma. Evaluation and management in resource-poor areas present unique
challenges.
Presentation of case: This 15 year-old boy presented with 9 years of painless rectal bleeding and 2 years
of a prolapsing rectal mass after passing stool. He had 3 nephews with similar symptoms. On clinical
assessment and initial exam under anesthesia, an impression of a polyposis syndrome was made and a
biopsy taken from the mass that revealed inflammatory polyps with no dysplasia. He was identified
during a pediatric surgical outreach to a rural area with no endoscopy, limited surgical services, and no
genetic testing available, even at a tertiary center. He subsequently had a three-stage proctocolectomy
and ileal pouch anal anastomosis with good outcome after referral to a tertiary care center. The surgical
specimen showed many polyps scattered through the colon.
Discussion: In the absence of endoscopic surveillance and diagnostic services including advanced pathology
and genetic testing, colorectal polyposis syndromes are a significant challenge if encountered in
these settings. Reports from similar settings have not included this surgical treatment, often opting for
partial colectomy. Nonetheless, good outcomes can be achieved even given these constraints. The case
also illustrates the complexity of untreated chronic pediatric surgical disease in rural resource-poor areas
with limited health care access.
Conclusion: Polyposis syndromes in children present unique challenges in rural resource-poor settings.
Good outcomes can be achieved with total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anastomosis.

کلمات کلیدی مقاله (فارسی):

پولیپ، جراحی جهانی، جراحی روستایی اوگاندا، تنظیمات محدودیت منابع، جراحی کودکان

کلمات کلیدی مقاله (انگلیسی):

Polyposis, Global surgery, Uganda Rural surgery, Resource-limited settings, Pediatric surgery

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