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تاریخ امروز
شنبه, ۲۵ فروردین

رفتن به آنسوی معادله با تفکر انضباطی در فیزیک سال اول دانشگاه

Going Beyond Equations With Disciplinary Thinking In First-Year Physics

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ورودعضویت
اطلاعات مجله Journal of College Teaching & Learning – Second Quarter 2015
سال انتشار 2015
فرمت فایل PDF
کد مقاله 7127

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چکیده (انگلیسی):

Students in first-year physics courses generally focus on hunting for suitable equations and formulas when tackling a variety of physical situations and physics problems. There is a need for a framework that can guide them to disciplinary ways of thinking and help them begin to think like physicists. To serve this end, in this study, a framework of disciplinary thinking in physics was presented to the students and incorporated in the delivery of a first-year course on electricity and magnetism for engineering students. The framework consisted of three types of thinking: principle-based thinking (PBT), case-based thinking (CBT), and experiential-intuitive thinking (EIT). The students’ experiences of learning this framework were tracked through weekly reflection reports, which were analyzed using a coding scheme comprised of the following four categories of increasing cognitive complexity for each type of thinking: mentioning the type of thinking learned without elaboration (code A), mentioning the type of thinking learned with elaboration (code B), applying the type of thinking learned (code C) and making meaning of the type of thinking learned (code D). Examples of students’ reflections for these codes for each type of thinking are included. The students most predominantly reflected on PBT followed by CBT with a very few reflections on EIT. Within both PBT and CBT, most reflections fell under the code B. Overall, the results are encouraging and point to a students’ shift from formula hunting to the thinking framework based strategies.

کلمات کلیدی مقاله (فارسی):

تفکر انضباطی ، فیزیک سال اول ، رفتن به آنسوی معادله ، تفکر مانند یک فیزیکدان ، تفکر بر اساس نظم ، الکتریسیته و مغناطیس

کلمات کلیدی مقاله (انگلیسی):

Disciplinary Thinking; First-Year Physics; Going Beyond Equations; Thinking Like a Physicist; Principle-based Thinking; Case-based Thinking; Electricity and Magnetism

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